Azerbaijan IDP Figures Analysis
IDMC estimates that there were around 568,900 IDPs in Azerbaijan as of December 2014.
The number of people registered as internally displaced by conflict by the State Committee for Refugees and IDPs was 622,892 in December 2014. However, as some 54,000 IDPs have returned (NRC, 2008), IDMC estimates that the number of IDPs is around 569,000 people. The vast majority have been unable to return in the absence of a peace agreement.
The figure of 569,000 IDPs includes an estimated 230,000 children who were born to male and single female IDPs during displacement (GoA, 5 September 2013). It also includes non-IDPs who face security risks where they live along the Line of Contact between Azerbaijani and Armenian forces (Brookings-LSE, December 2011), but their number is likely to be very small.
IDPs were displaced by the conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh that took place between 1988 and 1994. The vast majority is ethnic Azerbaijani, but there are also ethnic Kurds, Russians and Turks (CoE, 24 May 2007; UNCHR, 25 January 1999). They come overwhelmingly from the seven occupied territories around Nagorno-Karabkah, rather than the enclave itself (de Waal, 26 June 2013; UNCHR, 25 January 1999).
IDPs are present in all of the country's 69 districts, but around half live in the capital Baku (Eurasianet, 20 November 2013). Around 32 per cent continue to live in public buildings offered by the government as temporary accommodation at the beginning of their displacement, also known as collective centres. Around 25 per cent live in new housing the government has provided, 20 per cent with relatives and 12 per cent in makeshift housing. Around eight per cent occupy other peoples’ property (GoA, 5 September 2013).