Kosovo: Durable solutions still elusive 13 years after conflict

The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Kosovo has dropped slightly in recent years. A September 2012 estimate by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) put the figure at 17,900, compared with around 19,700 in 2009. Most ethnic Serb IDPs live in northern Kosovo, where they rely on a system of education, policing and health care services provided entirely by Serbia.

10 October 2012 | Country Profile


South Sudan: New displacement adds to critical humanitarian situation in the country since independence

After more than 50 years of civil war, the Republic of South Sudan declared independence from Sudan on 9 July 2011. Until that point, Sudan had been the largest country in Africa and as of the end of 2010 it was home to up to 5.2 million internally displaced people (IDPs) – more than any other country in the world (IDMC, 23 December 2010).

26 June 2012 | Country Profile


Nigeria: Increasing violence continues to cause internal displacement

Internal displacement is a common consequence across Nigeria of inter-communal and political violence, flooding and forced evictions. While some of the conflicts appear to be caused by overlapping and mutually reinforcing regional, religious and ethnic divisions, but violence often stems from competition for scarce opportunities and communal resources.

08 June 2012 | Country Profile


Uganda: Need to focus on returnees and remaining IDPs in transition to development

Since the 2006 signing of a cease-fire agreement between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army there has been significant return of those displaced by conflict in northern Uganda. The overwhelming majority of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or resettled in new locations.

24 May 2012 | Country Profile


Bangladesh: Progress on internal displacement response needed

Twenty years of armed struggle in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT), pitting the armed forces and Bengali settlers against indigenous groups seeking greater autonomy, formally ended in 1997 with the signing of the CHT Peace Accord.

30 December 2011 | Country Profile


Colombia: Property restitution in sight but integration still distant (December 2011)

Colombia’s government, led since 2010 by President Juan Manuel Santos, has changed its discourse in favour of those who have suffered human rights violations due the conflict and violence within the country.

29 December 2011 | Country Profile


Indonesia: Durable solutions remain elusive for many IDPs while thousands are newly displaced by military operations in Papua

During 2011, thousands of people were displaced by renewed inter-communal violence in Maluku province and by counter-insurgency operations targeting Free Papua Movement (OPM) rebels in Papua province.

22 December 2011 | Country Profile


Mexico: Displacement due to criminal and communal violence

There are currently several situations of internal displacement in Mexico. Possibly the largest has been caused since 2007 by the violence of drug cartels and the government’s military response. This has caused displacement in the states of Chihuahua, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Durango, Guerrero, Sinaloa and Michoacán.

25 November 2011 | Country Profile


Iraq: Response still centred on return despite increasing IDP demands for local integration

With the level of violence declining to levels unseen since the American-led intervention in 2003, Iraq is in 2011 moving away from an emergency situation to a development phase. However, new displacement still occurs and a large number of people have unmet humanitarian needs.

10 October 2011 | Country Profile


Colombia: Property restitution in sight but integration still distant (September 2011)

Threats, assassinations, massacres, forced recruitment, and forced disappearances perpetrated by numerous illegal armed groups, and armed confrontations between these groups and government forces, continue to force Colombians to flee their homes, mostly from rural areas.

05 September 2011 | Country Profile


Burundi: Secure tenure and land access still challenges for long-term IDPs

Up to 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) were living in mid-2011 in settlements in the north and centre of Burundi. They had been displaced by inter-ethnic and inter-communal violence which broke out after a 1993 coup d’état and the fighting between government forces and rebel groups which followed.

18 August 2011 | Country Profile


Myanmar: Displacement continues in context of armed conflicts

In November 2010 the first national elections since 1990 were held in Myanmar. While the party set up by the previous government and the armed forces retain most legislative and executive power, the elections may nevertheless have opened up a window of opportunity for greater civilian governance and power-sharing.

19 July 2011 | Country Profile


Occupied Palestinian Territories: No end to internal displacement

The Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) has a long history of displacement, both as a cause and consequence of the Israeli-Palestinian/Arab conflict over land and resources. Forced displacement has consistently followed Israeli policies intended to acquire land, redefine demographic boundaries and divest Palestinians of ownership guaranteed under international law.

05 July 2011 | Country Profile


Philippines:Durable solutions still out of sight for many IDPs and returnees in Mindanao

Nearly two years after the end of hostilities between the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and the government, up to 5,000 displaced families are still thought to be living in camps and relocation sites in southern Mindanao, most of them in the province of Maguindanao.

10 June 2011 | Country Profile


Armed conflict forces increasing numbers of Afghans to flee their homes

The UN and ICRC have recorded that 730,000 people have been internally displaced in Afghanistan due to conflict since 2006, an average of 400 a day. At the end of January 2011, 309,000 people remained internally displaced due to armed conflict, human rights abuses and other generalised violence. This figure was higher than at any time since 2005.

04 April 2011 | Country Profile


Sri Lanka: IDPs and returnees remain in need of protection and assistance

In late 2010, over 320,000 people who had fled their homes due to the armed conflict before and after 2008 were estimated to remain internally displaced in Sri Lanka. Meanwhile, over 190,000 IDPs had returned to their homes, but were still in need of protection and assistance.

14 January 2011 | Country Profile


Lebanon: No new displacement but causes of past conflicts unresolved

In 2009 and 2010 no new internal displacements took place but a number of displacement situations persisted following three periods of conflict or violence.

30 December 2010 | Country Profile


Uganda: Difficulties continue for returnees and remaining IDPs as development phase begins

In the four years passed since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army, return has taken place in northern Uganda at a rapid rate. More than 90 per cent of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or have resettled in new locations.

28 December 2010 | Country Profile


Sudan: Durable solutions elusive as southern IDPs return and Darfur remains tense

At the end of 2010 at least 4.5 million people were internally displaced in Darfur, the Greater Khartoum area, South Kordofan and the ten states of Southern Sudan.

23 December 2010 | Country Profile


Serbia: Ten years after displacement, returns remain stalled but integration prospects improving

As of December 2010, there were an estimated 230,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) from Kosovo within Serbia, including an estimated 20,000 displaced Roma people who were never registered as displaced. In addition, 19,000 people remain displaced within Kosovo. The most vulnerable IDPs are Roma people, who tend to lack documentation and frequently endure extreme poverty in squalid informal settlements.

22 December 2010 | Country Profile


Democratic Republic of the Congo: IDPs pay an unacceptable price

As of September 2010, there were more than 1.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the vast majority of them in the eastern provinces of North and South Kivu. Most fled their homes to escape fighting between rebels groups and the Congolese armed forces supported (in some cases) by the UN, while others are victims of direct attacks and violence perpetrated by the warring parties.

21 December 2010 | Country Profile


Azerbaijan: After some 20 years, IDPs still face barriers to self-reliance

Over 586,000 people remain internally displaced in Azerbaijan after the Nagorno-Karabakh war ended with a ceasefire in 1994. The figure includes approximately 230,000 children born to internally displaced people (IDPs) since they fled their homes. Insecurity near the line of contact with Armenia continues to disrupt the livelihoods of IDPs and others who live nearby.

10 December 2010 | Country Profile


Nigeria: Simmering tensions cause new displacement in the “middle belt”

In early 2010, unresolved conflicts and simmering tensions between different social and ethnic groups led to renewed displacement in the city of Jos in the heart of the “middle belt” region of Nigeria. As in the rest of the country, no clear figures on the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) were available for this latest incident of violence.

03 December 2010 | Country Profile


Central African Republic: New displacement due to ongoing conflict and banditry

Armed conflict pitting government forces against various armed groups in northern areas of the Central African Republic (CAR) caused the internal displacement of more than 200,000 people between 2005 and 2008. Following the signing of peace and reconciliation agreements, their number fell to around 108,000, but since 2009 clashes between the army and a splinter rebel group, and attacks on civilians by the Lord’s Resistance Army have caused a new wave of displacement. As of November 2010, the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) was estimated at over 192,000.

01 December 2010 | Country Profile


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