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Quarterly Update October - December 2007

This Quarterly Update covers the activities of the Geneva-based Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) between 1 October and 31 December 2007.

31 December 2007 | Publication

IDMC

Algeria: Towards durable solutions for IDPs?

While security has steadily improved in the past few years, potential obstacles to finding durable solutions for IDPs seem to persist with access to livelihoods remaining the major concern. Moreover, as confirmed by the April and December 2007 bombings in the capital Algiers and by a number of other security incidents throughout 2007, clashes continue between the Algerian security forces and remaining armed groups, notably the organisation called “al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb”. This latest resurgence in violence seems at the same time to challenge the process of national reconciliation promoted by President Bouteflika and approved by the Algerian people in a 2005 referendum.

19 December 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Cyprus: Lack of political settlement prevents the displaced from fully enjoying their property rights

More than 30 years after having been displaced, more than 200,000 Greek and Turkish Cypriots still have unresolved issues related to their displacement. While they no longer have humanitarian needs and have largely integrated in the places they have settled, the displaced are still unable to take back possession of the property they left behind, or return to their homes.

18 December 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Lack of political settlement prevents the displaced from fully enjoying their property rights

More than 30 years after having been displaced, more than 200,000 Greek and Turkish Cypriots still have unresolved issues related to their displacement. While they no longer have humanitarian needs and have largely integrated in the places they have settled, the displaced are still unable to take back possession of the property they left behind, or re-turn to their homes.

18 December 2007 | Overview

Former IDPs share the common challenge of recovery and reconstruction

Only 15% of people who returned moved through an organised process, while 70% returned spontaneously, without any aid from local authorities or humanitarian organisations

12 December 2007 | Overview

IDMC

Final status for Kosovo - Towards durable solutions for IDPs or new displacement risk?

After eight years of international administration over Kosovo, the situation of the estimated 227,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) in Serbia and Kosovo is hanging on the resolution of Kosovo’s status. The failure of the United Nations Security Council to adopt the Ahtisaari proposal on the final status of Kosovo has prolonged uncertainty.

10 December 2007 | Overview

IDMC

Serbia: Final status for Kosovo - Towards durable solutions for IDPs or new displacement risk?

After eight years of international administration over Kosovo, the situation of the estimated 227,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) in Serbia and Kosovo is hanging on the resolution of Kosovo’s status. The failure of the United Nations Security Council to adopt the Ahtisaari proposal on the final status of Kosovo has prolonged uncertainty which impedes progress towards durable solutions.

10 December 2007 | Country Profile

Appeal 2008

IDMC’s (formerly, the Global IDP Project) Appeal for the year 2008.

01 December 2007 | Publication

Handbook for the Protection of Internally Displaced Persons

This Handbook provides legal and operational guidance on protection in complex emergencies, in particular in situations of internal displacement

01 December 2007 | Publication

IDMC

CRC Submission 2007

Chad’s current crisis of internal displacement due to conflict is relatively new, dating back to 2006. From the beginning of 2006 to August 2007, approximately 180,000 people were displaced, most of whom were women and children.

01 December 2007 | Human Rights Mechanism

IDMC

Worsening humanitarian crisis as internal displacement escalates in the east

Following major new displacement in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a total of at least 1.4 million people remained internally displaced in the DRC as of No-vember 2007. Fighting between Congolese armed forces and dissident troops and militias, as well as widespread human rights violations committed by all groups, caused the dis-placement of at least 500,000 people in eastern DRC in 2007, particularly in North Kivu province.

29 November 2007 | Overview

IDMC

Resisting displacement by combatants and developers: Humanitarian Zones in north-west Colombia

In the north-western department of Chocó, near Colombia’s border with Panama, forcibly displaced people have established “Humanitarian Zones” in a bid to hang on to their land and livelihoods. These zones are occupied by groups who have joined together to remain on or near the collective land which they were forced to leave as a result of a major military campaign in 1996.

05 November 2007 | Country Profile

Resisting displacement by combatants and developers: Humanitarian Zones in north-west Colombia

This IDMC report discusses the complexities facing Colombia’s 3 millions of IDPs who struggle to hold on to land in Humanitarian Zones established after being forced to leave nearby lands.

01 November 2007 | Publication

IDMC

UPR Submission Philippines 2007

The Philippines is one of the countries most prone to natural disaster in the world, with hundreds of thousands of people displaced each year by floods, storms, earthquakes or volcanoes. Development projects such as mines, roads or hydro-electric dams are also major causes of displacement in the country, mainly affecting poor and indigenous populations.

01 November 2007 | Human Rights Mechanism

IDMC

UPR Submission India 2007

At least 600,000 people are displaced in India for reasons related to conflict and localized violence. Millions of people have also been displaced as a result of development projects and natural disasters.

01 November 2007 | Human Rights Mechanism

IDMC

Syria: Forty years on, people displaced from the Golan remain in waiting

The situation of tens of thousands of Syrian Arabs displaced from the Golan Heights forty years ago is still far from resolved. They fled their homes in disputed circumstances during the Six Day War in 1967, when Israel seized the Golan, a strategic strip of land overlooking the Jordan Valley and the Sea of Galilee. Since then, Israel has prevented the displaced from returning to their homes.

31 October 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Syria: Forty years on, people displaced from the Golan remain in waiting

The situation of tens of thousands of Syrian Arabs displaced from the Golan Heights forty years ago is still far from resolved. They fled their homes in disputed circumstances during the Six Day War in 1967, when Israel seized the Golan, a strategic strip of land overlooking the Jordan Valley and the Sea of Galilee.

31 October 2007 | Overview

IDMC

Ethiopia: Addressing the rights and needs of people displaced by conflict

Relatively little is known about the extent and nature of conflict-induced internal displacement in Ethiopia. Numerous small-scale conflicts and displacement situations receive little to no attention.

30 October 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Institutional mechanisms fail to address recurrent violence and displacement

Outbreaks of violence leading to significant situations of internal displacement are frequent in Nigeria, with at least 14,000 people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced since military rule ended in 1999. Complex displacement patterns and the marked lack of detailed and consistent data on the scope of the problem consistently aggravate the already poorly coordinated humanitarian response.

29 October 2007 | Overview

IDMC

Nigeria: Institutional mechanisms fail to address recurrent violence and displacement

Outbreaks of violence leading to significant situations of internal displacement are frequent in Nigeria, with at least 14,000 people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced since military rule ended in 1999.

29 October 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Outlook for IDPs remains bleak

In southern Sudan, around 140,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) returned to their homes in the first six months of 2007, adding to more than one million IDPs estimated to have returned since the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) be-tween the central government and the southern-based Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army.

12 October 2007 | Overview

IDMC

New IDP strategy awaits implementation

Tens of thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) from Georgia’s secessionist territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia have been waiting more than a decade for a solution to their displacement following conflicts which broke out in the early 1990s. The majority of the 220,000 to 247,000 IDPs have found refuge in the region border-ing Abkhazia and in the Georgian capital, Tbilisi.

11 October 2007 | Overview

IDMC

Georgia: New IDP strategy awaits implementation

Tens of thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) from Georgia’s secessionist territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia have been waiting more than a decade for a solution to their displacement following conflicts which broke out in the early 1990s.

11 October 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: Outlook for IDPs remains bleak

In southern Sudan, around 140,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) returned to their homes in the first six months of 2007, adding to more than one million IDPs estimated to have returned since the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the central government and the southern-based Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army.

03 October 2007 | Country Profile

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