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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Liberia (August 2005)

With the October 2005 elections in Liberia looming, the official IDP return process has been proceeding at full speed. In August, the UN reported that more than 203,000 IDPs had been assisted to return – leaving a total of about 111,000 living in camps and spontaneous settlements.

25 August 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi (August 2005)

Since the early 1990s, hundreds of thousands of Burundians have fled their homes to escape fighting between the government and Hutu rebel groups seeking to put an end to the political dominance of the Tutsi minority.

15 August 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Burundi: Improving political and security situation encourages IDP return

Since the early 1990s, hundreds of thousands of Burundians have fled their homes to escape fighting between the government and Hutu rebel groups seeking to put an end to the political dominance of the Tutsi minority.

15 August 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Uganda: Profile of Internal Displacement (August 2005)

Prospects for an end to the massive displacement crisis and two decades of armed conflict between the government and rebels of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in northern Uganda look dim after the breakdown of peace talks in February 2005. The collapse of the talks brought an end to a ceasefire and a resumption of rebel attacks on internally displaced people (IDPs), involving killings, maiming, rapes and looting.

10 August 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

DR Congo: Renewed fighting, killings, rapes slow down IDP return and cause new displacement

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting between rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. Close to four million people are believed to have died as a result of the conflict which was accompanied by widespread human rights violations.

29 July 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Nepal: Displacement crisis worsens in wake of royal coup

Nearly six months after King Gyanendra assumed direct power and declared a state of emergency in February 2005, Nepal is faced with both a deep crisis of governance and a renewed spate of fighting and violence all across the country.

14 July 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nepal

Nearly six months after King Gyanendra assumed direct power and declared a state of emergency in February 2005, Nepal is faced with both a deep crisis of governance and a renewed spate of fighting and violence all across the country.

14 July 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

Almost five years after the UN stopped counting internally displaced people (IDPs) in Rwanda, there are still 180,000 relocated families living under plastic sheeting, in damaged shelters or temporarily occupying other people's homes.

12 July 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

In 1998 and 1999 the Rwandan government and the UN recognised around 650,000 people in makeshift camps as internally displaced (IDPs) in the north-western prefectures of Ruhengeri and Gisenyi. These IDPs have been uprooted when an insurgency in the two provinces was put down by the Tutsi-dominated government in 1997-1998. In December 2000, the UN ceased to consider them as such, arguing that “governmental and international efforts to stabilise the situation through durable solutions have advanced beyond the threshold of what still could be called internal displacement”.

12 July 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Iraq

Decades of conflict and human rights abuses have caused the displacement of more than a million people within Iraq. The majority of internally displaced people (IDPs) were forcibly displaced under the previous regime, which targeted communities perceived to be in political opposition as well as using forcible displacement as one of its tactics to strengthen control of resource-rich areas. Prior to the United Statesled invasion of Iraq in March 2003 that led to the toppling of Saddam Hussein’s regime, it is estimated that some 800,000 people were displaced in the north and centre, mainly Kurds, but also Assyrians and Turkmen

11 July 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Iraq: Insecurity and lack of shelter exacerbate internal displacement crisis

Decades of conflict and human rights abuses have caused the displacement of more than a million people within Iraq. The majority of internally displaced people (IDPs) were forcibly displaced under the previous regime, which targeted communities perceived to be in political opposition as well as using forcible displacement as one of its tactics to strengthen control of resource-rich areas.

11 July 2005 | Overview

Ensuring durable solutions for Rwanda's displaced: A chapter closed too early

More than four years after the issue of internal displacement was taken off the agenda in Rwanda, conditions in the villages inhabited by the resettled IDPs call for renewed attention to the question of whether internal displacement has ended with the implementation of durable solutions, as required by the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement.

08 July 2005 | Overview

Ensuring durable solutions for Rwanda's displaced: a chapter closed too early

This research focuses on the question of whether durable solutions to the issue of internal displacement have been implemented in Rwanda.

01 July 2005 | Publication

Quarterly Update April - June 2005

This Quarterly Update covers the activities of the Geneva-based Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) between 1 April and 30 June 2005.

30 June 2005 | Publication

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Myanmar (Burma)

The internal displacement crisis in Burma affects mainly ethnic minority groups, and is particularly acute along the border with Thailand. The military regime’s objective of increasing control over minority areas through a policy of forced assimilation and repression of autonomy movements has resulted in decades of conflict that has devastated the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians.

27 June 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Burma: Displacement continues unabated in one of the world’s worst IDP situations

The internal displacement crisis in Burma affects mainly ethnic minority groups, and is particularly acute along the border with Thailand. The military regime’s objective of increasing control over minority areas through a policy of forced assimilation and repression of autonomy movements has resulted in decades of conflict that has devastated the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians.

27 June 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Mexico

In 1994, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), known as the“Zapatistas”, launched an uprising in the south-eastern state of Chiapas with the stated goal of improving land and social rights for the marginalised indigenous people of Mexico. The government responded by sending in troops and creating paramilitary cells from among the local population as part of a low-intensity war strategy.

20 June 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

No progress on ensuring respect for the rights of displaced indigenous people

In 1994, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), known as the “Zapatistas”, launched an uprising in the south-eastern state of Chiapas with the stated goal of improving land and social rights for the marginalised indigenous people of Mexico. The government responded by sending in troops and creating paramilitary cells from among the local population as part of a low-intensity war strategy.

20 June 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Eritrea: Border deadlock and under-funding perpetuate IDP plight

Internal displacement in Eritrea stems from a combination of war and drought. A bitter border conflict with Ethiopia has remained suspended since a peace agreement signed in Algiers in 2000.

17 June 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea

Internal displacement in Eritrea stems from a combination of war and drought. A bitter border conflict with Ethiopia has remained suspended since a peace agreement signed in Algiers in 2000.

17 June 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Thousands remain displaced after military operations in South Waziristan

Up to 50,000 people were internally displaced due to security operations by the Pak istani military in South Waziristan during 2004 and an undetermined number remain internally displaced today. Since March 2004, some 70,000 troops have been based in the region to remove foreign fighters suspected of “terrorist” activities and seeking shelter among the tribal population.

10 June 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Pakistan

Up to 50,000 people were internally displaced due to security operations by the Pakistani military in South Waziristan during 2004 and an undetermined number remain internally displaced today. Since March 2004, some 70,000 troops have been based in the region to remove foreign fighters suspected of “terrorist” activities and seeking shelter among the tribal population.

10 June 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Israel

Tens of thousands of Arab villagers became displaced within Israel on the destruction of their communities during the 1948 war between the new State of Israel and its Arab neighbours. Among them, the Bedouin suffered several further waves of displacement after the war, and continue to live in particular hardship. The displaced – including their descendents – now represent about one quarter of the over one million Arab citizens of Israel. Many of them still hope to return to their original homes.

02 June 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Displaced Arabs have little grounds for optimism, despite small Bedouin success

Tens of thousands of Arab villagers became displaced within Israel on the destruction of their communities during the 1948 war between the new State of Israel and its Arab neighbours. Among them, the Bedouin suffered several further waves of internal displacement after the war, and continue to live in particular hardship.

02 June 2005 | Overview

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