Search

                 
Clear
IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Croatia

The number of internally displaced people in Croatia has decreased radically since the armed hostilities between the Croat majority and the Serb minority ended in 1995. In April 2002, the Croatian government reported that only 22,000 persons remain internally displaced.

13 August 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Angola: Profile of Internal Displacement (August 2002)

Angola bears the ignominy of having one of the largest internally displaced populations in the world, with some of the worst human development indicators, whilst at the same time producing vast mineral wealth that ends up on faraway foreign markets and consistently eludes ordinary Angolans.

09 August 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Peru

The main cause of displacement in Peru has been the almost 20 years of internal conflict between the Peruvian Armed Forces and the armed opposition groups Sendero Luminoso and the Túpac Amaru revolutionary Movement (MRTA), which initiated their armed attacks in 1980 and 1984 respectively.

01 August 2002 | Country Profile

Why do we need the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement?

This article aims to show how the Guiding Principles have effectively made maximum use of international human rights and humanitarian law

01 August 2002 | Publication

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Myanmar (Burma)

Civilians in Burma have become internally displaced mainly as a result of the intensified efforts by the military rulers since the late 1980s to control areas populated by ethnic minority groups.

20 July 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria (July 2002)

Approximately 500,000 people were forced to flee their homes after ethnic violence rocked Nigeria in October 2001, the majority of whom returned to their homes by mid-2002. Available figures suggested that towards July 2002, a total of at least 30,000 people remained internally displaced in Nigeria.

19 July 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Peru

The main cause of displacement in Peru has been the almost 20 years of internal conflict between the Peruvian Armed Forces and the armed opposition groups Sendero Luminoso and the Túpac Amaru revolutionary Movement (MRTA), which initiated their armed attacks in 1980 and 1984 respectively.

16 July 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Profile of internal Displacement

Since the 1970s Somalia has been in a state of fluctuating complex emergency, characterized by more than one interstate and internal wars, major famines, and a serious humanitarian crisis in the 1990s, partly the result of international mismanagement. The Somali conflict has centered around the appropria tion of resources such as land, relief items, as well as control over the livestock trade.

03 July 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Lebanon

During the Lebanese civil war of 1975–1990, almost a third of the country's population was displaced. By 1990 when the war ended, in addition to the hundreds of thousands of people who had found refuge abroad, about 450,000 persons remained internally displaced in Lebanon (UNDP, 1997). Only approximately a third of them have returned home since.

19 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement : Zimbabwe (June 2002)

Zimbabwe - until the mid-1990s grouped among the more prosperous and politically stable countries in Africa -- has since then seen both her economy and political stability deteriorate. Population movements, both voluntary and forced, have become an increasingly visible aspect of the new situation.

15 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Colombia

The displacement of populations in Colombia has been an endemic feature of the country's almost 40-year long civil war. The deep-seeded and complex conflict pits varying armed groups against one another – each with different interes ts and different affiliations. Although the armed factions have changed and transformed over the years, they are commonly described in one of three categories: armed insurgents, paramilitary groups, and official military and police.

14 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Senegal

Despite being hailed as a relatively peaceful and stable country in the African context, Senegal has been the scene of intermittent clashes between government forces and rebels of the separatist Mouvement des forces démocratiques de Casamance (MFDC) since the early 1980s.

12 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Syrian Arab Republic

Despite the international focus on the Middle East, little attention has been given to the tens of thousands of people displaced from the Syrian territory of the Golan Heights 35 years ago. The displacement occurred during the Six Day War in 1967 when Israel seized the Golan Heights, a strategic narrow stretch of land overlooking the Jordan Valley and the Sea of Galilee.

12 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Guinea Bissau

Although the prevailing instability in Guinea-Bissau following the civil war of 1998 – 1999 improved slightly, the political situation at the end of 2001 remained 'dangerous and volatile' (UN SC, 14 December 2001). While nearly all of the 300,000 to 350,000 persons initially displaced by the conflict in 1998 were thought to have returned to their homes, a string of ongoing political crises in 2001 and early 2002 continued to threaten peace and democracy in the country.

10 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Iraq

Iraq is host to the highest number of internally displaced people in the Middle East. Between 700,000 and 1 million people are estimated internally displaced in Iraq. Ethnic Kurds, Assyrians and Turkmen have suffered from several waves of displacement over the past two decades, mainly due to repression by the Iraqi government and to a lesser extent to inter–ethnic Kurdish fighting. Shia Arab populations in the south of Iraq have also been displaced from their homes due to government actions, particularly since 1991.

10 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) (June 2002)

The Republic of Congo had been slowly recovering from a decade of political violence that left the country's infrastructure severely damaged and its people highly impoverished. Until March 2002, a tenuous peace was holding in the country, and the majority of the estimated 800,000 persons previously displaced by conflict had returned home.

06 June 2002 | Country Profile

Political tensions increase risk of future violence and displacement

While nearly all of those displaced by the conflict in 1998 were thought to have returned, a string of ongoing political crises in 2001 and early 2002 continued to threaten peace and democracy.

01 June 2002 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (May 2002)

Existing data suggest that up to 460,000 persons are currently displaced in the Russian Federation as a result of armed conflict and violence in North Caucasus. The exact scope of internal displacement can, however, not be determined with precision. The vast majority of displaced persons have been forced to leave their homes in Chechnya, a region devastated by two conflicts in less than a decade.

29 May 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Liberia (May 2002)

Five years after the end of the brutal civil war that killed an estimated 200,000 people and forced more than half the country's 2.8 million population to flee their homes – 1.2 million of whom were internally displaced (US DOS, 1998) – lasting peace and stability in Liberia remained a pipe dream in 2002.

21 May 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Solomon Islands

Following an outbreak of inter-ethnic violence between Malaitan and Guadalcanal communities on the main island of Guadalcanal in 1998-1999, 35,000 persons (nine percent of the national population) were forced from their homes.

16 May 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi (May 2002)

Since 1993, the ethnic war in Burundi has caused the death of at least 250,000 persons, the vast majority of which have been civilians. The establishment of a power–sharing transitional government in November 2001 including ethnic Hutu and Tutsi representation was seen by local and international observers as a positive step to solve the conflict.

14 May 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda (April 2002)

Internal displacement in Uganda has been caused by separate armed conflicts in northern and western areas as well as violent looting and cattle raids in the East since the mid–1990s. Conflict has affected about one quarter of the country's 45 districts, and about 550,000 people remained internally displaced by February 2002 (OCHA, March 2002).

10 April 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Angola: Profile of Internal Displacement (April 2002)

The sheer magnitude of the problem of internal displacement in Angola is numbing. The figures are staggering and the conditions that surround them nearly unimaginable. At the end of 2001, the UN put the total number of persons displaced since the beginning of the decades-long conflict at 4.1 million – a third of the country's 12 million inhabitants.

04 April 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya (April 2002)

Internal displacement in Kenya came to the forefront during the 1990s when escalated ethnic violence became closely linked to the re-introduction of multi party politics. As of March 2001 more than 200,000 Kenyans who had to leave their homes in the Rift Valley during the 1990s still remained internally displaced. The exact national figure is presently uncertain, return and resettlement have been spontaneous and new people have become displaced during recent years.

01 April 2002 | Country Profile

Filters

Select search keywords from the lists below to refine your search.