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IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Syrian Arab Republic

Despite the international focus on the Middle East, little attention has been given to the tens of thousands of people displaced from the Syrian territory of the Golan Heights 35 years ago. The displacement occurred during the Six Day War in 1967 when Israel seized the Golan Heights, a strategic narrow stretch of land overlooking the Jordan Valley and the Sea of Galilee.

12 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Guinea Bissau

Although the prevailing instability in Guinea-Bissau following the civil war of 1998 – 1999 improved slightly, the political situation at the end of 2001 remained 'dangerous and volatile' (UN SC, 14 December 2001). While nearly all of the 300,000 to 350,000 persons initially displaced by the conflict in 1998 were thought to have returned to their homes, a string of ongoing political crises in 2001 and early 2002 continued to threaten peace and democracy in the country.

10 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Iraq

Iraq is host to the highest number of internally displaced people in the Middle East. Between 700,000 and 1 million people are estimated internally displaced in Iraq. Ethnic Kurds, Assyrians and Turkmen have suffered from several waves of displacement over the past two decades, mainly due to repression by the Iraqi government and to a lesser extent to inter–ethnic Kurdish fighting. Shia Arab populations in the south of Iraq have also been displaced from their homes due to government actions, particularly since 1991.

10 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) (June 2002)

The Republic of Congo had been slowly recovering from a decade of political violence that left the country's infrastructure severely damaged and its people highly impoverished. Until March 2002, a tenuous peace was holding in the country, and the majority of the estimated 800,000 persons previously displaced by conflict had returned home.

06 June 2002 | Country Profile

Political tensions increase risk of future violence and displacement

While nearly all of those displaced by the conflict in 1998 were thought to have returned, a string of ongoing political crises in 2001 and early 2002 continued to threaten peace and democracy.

01 June 2002 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (May 2002)

Existing data suggest that up to 460,000 persons are currently displaced in the Russian Federation as a result of armed conflict and violence in North Caucasus. The exact scope of internal displacement can, however, not be determined with precision. The vast majority of displaced persons have been forced to leave their homes in Chechnya, a region devastated by two conflicts in less than a decade.

29 May 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Liberia (May 2002)

Five years after the end of the brutal civil war that killed an estimated 200,000 people and forced more than half the country's 2.8 million population to flee their homes – 1.2 million of whom were internally displaced (US DOS, 1998) – lasting peace and stability in Liberia remained a pipe dream in 2002.

21 May 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Solomon Islands

Following an outbreak of inter-ethnic violence between Malaitan and Guadalcanal communities on the main island of Guadalcanal in 1998-1999, 35,000 persons (nine percent of the national population) were forced from their homes.

16 May 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi (May 2002)

Since 1993, the ethnic war in Burundi has caused the death of at least 250,000 persons, the vast majority of which have been civilians. The establishment of a power–sharing transitional government in November 2001 including ethnic Hutu and Tutsi representation was seen by local and international observers as a positive step to solve the conflict.

14 May 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda (April 2002)

Internal displacement in Uganda has been caused by separate armed conflicts in northern and western areas as well as violent looting and cattle raids in the East since the mid–1990s. Conflict has affected about one quarter of the country's 45 districts, and about 550,000 people remained internally displaced by February 2002 (OCHA, March 2002).

10 April 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Angola: Profile of Internal Displacement (April 2002)

The sheer magnitude of the problem of internal displacement in Angola is numbing. The figures are staggering and the conditions that surround them nearly unimaginable. At the end of 2001, the UN put the total number of persons displaced since the beginning of the decades-long conflict at 4.1 million – a third of the country's 12 million inhabitants.

04 April 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya (April 2002)

Internal displacement in Kenya came to the forefront during the 1990s when escalated ethnic violence became closely linked to the re-introduction of multi party politics. As of March 2001 more than 200,000 Kenyans who had to leave their homes in the Rift Valley during the 1990s still remained internally displaced. The exact national figure is presently uncertain, return and resettlement have been spontaneous and new people have become displaced during recent years.

01 April 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (March 2002)

Many thousands of civilians have fled their homes in the latest round of inter-ethnic fighting to erupt in Bunia, the main town in DR Congo’s northeastern Ituri district, prompting top UN officials to warn of possible genocide. With rival ethnic militias battling for control of the town, amid reports of widespread killing and looting, UN peacekeepers (MONUC) are outnumbered and overwhelmed.

26 March 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: Profile of Internal Displacement

More than thirty years of civil war and inter tribal conflicts have caused tremendous suffering for the civilian Sudanese population. Since the conflict escalated in 1983 there have been an estimated two million war-related deaths and reliable sources estimate that 4 million or more remain internally displaced – with little prospect for large-scale returns in the near future.

26 March 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria (March 2002)

Available figures suggested that towards the end of 2001, a total of some 400,000 people were internally displaced, of which 300,000 resulted from the latest ethnic clashes in central Nigeria during October 2001. In the beginning of 2002, communal fighting in Nasarawa and Plateau States (January), and ethnic clashes in Lagos (February) already displaced thousands.

22 March 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internally Displaced Persons in Sri Lanka

The main cause of displacement in Sri Lanka is the armed conflict between the LTTE (The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) and government forces. The underlying cause of the conflict, which has been ongoing since 1983 is a longstanding dispute between the Sinhalese and Tamil communities in the country.

20 March 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

More than seven years after the genocide, 70 percent of the Rwandan population remains under the poverty line and approximately 192,000 families still live in inadequate shelters (U.S. DOS 4 March 2002 & Brookings Initiative in Rwanda November 2001 Annex 4 III). Most of them were resettled in 1998-1999 by the Rwandan government in the context of the "villagization" process.

05 March 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone (February 2002)

Significant gains in the peace process, resulting in improved security throughout the country, allowed for the return of some 45,000 IDPs to their homes of origin in 2001.

22 February 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Palestinian Territories (February 2002)

The estimates of the number of people displaced due to house demolitions by the Israeli government vary depending on the period considered. There is no figure available on how many of these people are still displaced today.

06 February 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Uzbekistan

Episodes of internal displacement in Uzbekistan have mainly occurred as a result of a Government campaign against suspected supporters of Islamic extremist groups. Today, an estimated 3000 persons are displaced after fighting between Government forces and armed insurgents in the Uzbek-Tajik border areas in August 2000.

18 January 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya (January 2002)

A report released in March 2001 indicates that more than 200,000 people could still be considered internally displaced because of the political violence during the 1990s . The exact number is still uncertain as most return or resettlement has been spontaneous and there has been new displacement occurring during recent years.

17 January 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Israel

Following the United Nations vote on the partition of Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab State in November 1947 and the proclamation of the State of Israel in May 1948, armies from neighboring Arab nations entered the former Mandate of Palestine and fought against Israeli military forces. At the end of the war in 1949, no general peace settlement was achieved (UN GA Resolution 181 of 29 November 1947 & Government of Israel 14 May 1948 & U.S. DOS December 1998).

14 January 2002 | Country Profile

2002 Appeal and Three-year Strategy

The Global IDP Project's combined annual appeal for the year 2002 and multi-year strategy.

01 January 2002 | Publication

2001 Activity Report

The Global IDP Project's Activity Report for the year 2001.

01 January 2002 | Publication

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